Ubiquiti EdgeRouter X Advanced Router

Pros: Advanced Feature Set, Price, Good Command Line Interface, Rich Web Interface, Five 1Gb Ports, Build-In Wizards, Frequent Software Updates, Can Be Powered by POE Input
Cons: Only one POE Output Interface, No Console Port ubiquiti-edgerouter-x ubiquiti-edgerouter-x-front-back

Introduction
The Ubiquiti product line is rapidly gaining momentum through a strategy of offering quality hardware, enterprise features, intuitive interfaces, and proven performance at price points never before seen. These offerings are targeting the SMB (Small Medium Business), SOHO (Single Office Home Office), and power users alike with their flexible feature sets. Ubiquiti has been up front about their marketing approach with consumers, resulting in new product loyalty and an eager new fan-base looking forward to future product releases. Using this strategy, Ubiquiti is placing their customers in the advanced networking drivers seat at one-tenth the cost of their competitors. Essentially they are saying, we are going to give you more functionality at a lower price.

The Ubiquiti EdgeRouter X is a great example of their business strategy. In short, it is a small form-factor, 5-port, 1 Gigabit Ethernet router, leveraging POE capabilities, all configured via a slick web interface. In addition this 5-port router could be used as a 5-port switch, if you needed the functionality of a layer-2 device instead. Ubiquiti describes their EdgeRouter X in the following manner:

The EdgeRouter X combines carrier-class reliability with excellent price-to-performance value in an ultra-compact form factor.

I don’t see any reason to view that summary as hyperbole. My experience with the ER-X validates their statement and lends credence to others comments online.

Models
Ubiquiti currently offers two models in the EdgeRouter X category. The ER-X offers five Gigabit RJ45 ports with POE pass-through to support a single 24V POE device. The ER-X-SFP has five Gigabit RJ45 ports, each offering 24V passive POE. Additionally, there is one SFP port (1Gb) for use with fiber connectivity.


EdgeRouter X

  • (5) Gigabit RJ45 ports
  • Passive PoE pass-through option
  • Power via 24V passive PoE or power adapter
  • Ports configurable for line-rate, Layer-2 switching
  • 130 kpps for 64-byte packets
  • 1 Gbps for 1518-byte packets


EdgeRouter X SFP

  • (5) Gigabit RJ45 ports with passive PoE support
  • (1) Gigabit SFP port for backhaul applications
  • Ports configurable for line-rate, Layer-2 switching
  • 130kpps for 64-byte packets
  • 1 Gbps for 1518-byte packets

ER-X
ubiquiti-cpe-deployment
ER-X-SFP
ubiquiti-backhaul-deployment

The Advanced Feature Set
The Ubiquiti EdgeRouter X uses an operating system called EdgeOS, which provides it’s user base with an advanced set of features to include the following:


Interface/Encapsulation:
Ethernet
802.1q VLAN
PPPoE
GRE
IP in IP
Bridging
Bonding (802.3ad)

Addressing:
Static IPv4/IPv6 Addressing
DHCP/DHCPv6

Routing:
Static Routes
OSPF/OSPFv3
RIP/RIPng
BGP (with IPv6 Support)
IGMP Proxy

Security:
ACL-Based Firewall
Zone-Based Firewall
NAT

VPN:
IPSec Site-to-Site and Remote Access
OpenVPN Site-to-Site and Remote Access
PPTP Remote Access
L2TP Remote Access
PPTP Client


Services:
DHCP/DHCPv6 Server
DHCP/DHCPv6 Relay
Dynamic DNS
DNS Forwarding
VRRP
RADIUS Client
Web Caching
PPPoE Server

QoS:
FIFO
Stochastic Fairness Queueing
Random Early Detection
Token Bucket Filter
Deficit Round Robin
Hierarchical Token Bucket
Ingress Policing

Management:
Web UI
CLI (SSH, Telnet)
SNMP
NetFlow
LLDP
NTP
UBNT Discovery Protocol
Logging

The Interface
EdgeOS allows access to the Command Line Interface (CLI) using the web GUI, or you can SSH to the EdgeRouter using a terminal application like PuTTy. The web interface allow for manipulation of most features, while the CLI give full access to the complete feature set. While using the CLI you can access context-sensative help by typing “?”. The question mark will display a list of available commands. Another feature known as command completion (TAB Key) will be useful to expedite longer command sets.


ubiquiti-interface-web1

ubiquiti-interface-web2
ubiquiti-interface-web-cli1

Summary
With the flexibility, advanced feature set, easy setup, intuitive interface options, and highly competitive pricing the Ubiquiti EdgeRouter X will make a fine addition to any SMB (Small Medium Business) or geek lab environment with power to spare.